The genetic map of Sardinia shows a strong influence of haplogroup I2a2, which is dominant in the Balkans since the Mesolithic. Another interesting feature of the Sea Peoples' ships is that all the prows are carved in the shape of bird heads, which has caused many scholars to speculate an Aegean origin for these groups. Zangger’s theories about the Sea Peoples’ invasions date back to a time before he was in contact with James Mellaart, and have not changed much since. But yes they relate to Sierdzie too, which is name of 4th chakra which relates to Leo. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! The Scythian nomads could have learned the techniques of the seafaring from Pelasgians, with whom they definitely had contact. The “Sea Peoples” have long been suspected of playing a key role in ending the prosperous Bronze Age in the eastern Mediterranean, and plunging many societies into prolonged dark periods. Both are… and got her nickname from that. Some authors have already tried to connect this name with the Pelasgians, indigenous people of Greece, or the Pela, the capital of ancient Macedonia. Liked it? In fact, many had been subordinate to the Egyptians or in a diplomatic relationship with them for at least a… In the records of that war, five Sea Peoples are named: the Shardana, Teresh, Lukka, Shekelesh and Ekwesh, and are collectively referred to as "northerners coming from all lands". It’s just a Greek myth. In fact, the word “Shar” is closely related to the words “Shah” and “tzar” – all meaning “king, emperor”. Zangger and Mellaart, like dozens of other researchers, independently recognized that the origin of the Sea Peoples may have been in western Asia Minor. Assyrians called as Palaestu all the land of the current Palestine and their inhabitans as Pa-la-as-ta-a-a(palaestaiai), even is possible from Paleste in the balkans had arrived to Palestine, but they don´t influenced at all, even they were absorbed fastly by the Canaanite culture. For example, the pharaoh Ramses II laments in the stele of Tanis: “The unruly Sherden came from the seas in their warships, and no one knows how to withstand them…”. The situation regarding the identification of the Sea Peoples is more complicated than you might realize. It’s a bad circle where we chase our own tails, the origins of the different ‘Sea Peoples’ stays hidden in time. Back to Illyria. Whatever their origins, the Sea Peoples returned to Egypt in the mid-12th century B.C. The Egyptians originally coined the name "Peoples of the Sea" for the foreign contingents that the Libyans brought in to support their attack on Egypt in c. 1220 BC during the reign of Pharaoh Merneptah. It is often used to illustrate the Egyptian campaign against the Sea Peoples in 'the Battle of the Delta'. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Take a second to support Cogniarchae on Patreon! Another important tribe is Peleset. This is a very interesting piece of information, as we know that Illyrians of bronze age were a mixture of the indigenous Balkan population and the Scythian horsemen from the east. Prior to the disappearance of the Mycenaean Greeks in the Late Bronze Age ca. On the same map, we see the tribe of Amazons, who fought in the Troyan war just centuries after the “sea peoples”. In fact, many had been subordinate to the Egyptians or in a diplomatic relationship with them for at least a… Also, as the name suggests, they were a group of distinct peoples of diverse origins, not a single culture. As a result, they entered the written history through the books of the Old Testament. Perhaps the term Shardan could be a designation of the tribe that Herodotus calls “Royal Scythians”. The evidence for their exact origins is extremely sparse, but archaeologists specializing in this period have proposed the following: The Shardana may have originated in northern Syria, but later moved to Cyprus and probably eventually ended up as the Sardinians. Wachsmann (2000) speculates that the sea battle relief shows the battle in progression, from beginning to end. The Scythian nomads could have learned the techniques of the seafaring from Pelasgians, with whom they definitely had contact. Ararat 6721 years ago. We can go even deeper into Balkans, all the way to the Bulgarian capital of Sofia, whose ancient name was Serdica. Indeed, the Scythians were unusually tall compared to the people of the Mediterranean. intent on conquest. Shekelesh warrior . Since they did not belong to a single tribe, we nowadays know them as the “sea peoples” – a designation that came from the hieroglyphics of Ancient Egypt. The origin of the philistines is the island of Crete and the Aegean sea area bounded by Athens, Corinth and Ephesus. […] (0767) https://cogniarchae.com/2018/06/30/origins-of-the-sea-peoples-the-sherden-the-shekelesh-the-peleset/ […]. The name Palestine has a suffix “stan”, just like Afganistan, Pakistan, Kyrgyzstan, and other stan-countries, formerly inhabited by Scythians. They also are involved in one of the chief objections to the idea of shifting Egypt’s timeline, allowing a link between archaeological evidence and the Bible’s Exodus account. Is the real point of this account to give the genealogy of the Sicel / Scoloti? The Pelasgians would be known to the Levantines as Philistines. But anyhow, the connections between the steppe migrations and those of the sea people will become more clear as we continue. But a few are aware that the name of the Albanoi, who gave the name to modern Albania, comes from the Roman city of Albanopolis, literally “white city”. The Origin of the Sea Peoples is founded on my publication 'The Early Minoan Colonization of Spain'. Namely, on another map of Ptolemy – Sarmatia Asiatica, we see a tribe of Suardeni, behind the sea of Azov! Moreover, Herodotus (IV-6) informs us that “Scyth” is just a Greek, corrupted version of their original name. It looks at the evidence that points to a series of catastrophic events in the western Mediterranean during the Bronze Age which culminated in the final and utter collapse of the Myceneaen colonial power of the El Argar in Spain in about 1350 BC. Troy (VII) was said to have been destroyed in 1184. Origin of the Philistines. Of the other four Sea Peoples, the Ekwesh are probably the Achaean Greeks, and the Denyen may be the Danaoi (though probably aren't), while the Shekelesh are the Sicilians and the Shardana were probably living in Cyprus at the time, but later became the Sardinians. after their invasion on the Balkans from Ethiopia. The Sicels, therefore, may have been Illyrian horsemen. 1 – Tetractys. I could only read the first paragraphs for the moment but will have to read it through later on due to some urgent readings in line but thank you in advance for this most interesting reflections on the so-called Sea Peoples! In this thread, I would like to shed some light on the origin and ethnic identity of the enigmatic Sea Peoples, who were intricated into the collapse of the bronze age civilizations in the eastern Mediterranean in the 12th century BC. We won't speculate on how this fits in with the Aeneas legend. Pelasgian warriors . The point of this article was to show that there are some grounds to propose a different origin of the “sea peoples” from what is usually in the debate. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Also, check out Jordan Maxwell’s over fifty years of research, for example showing that Phoenecian meant merchant banker. With time you will find that the genealogical origin of your findings lie at Mt. An inscription mentions that they "made a conspiracy in their islands", but these may have only been temporary bases, not their actual homelands. Moreover, Palistin was the name of an early Syro-Hittite kingdom located in what is now northwestern Syria and the southeastern Turkish province of Hatay. But archaeologists are still debating whether the sea peoples originated here or this is where they stopped on their journey. Thanks, it was a lapsus! The Pelasgians of mainland Greece later mixed with the Thracians to create the Etruscan race. Some claim that there was also a certain Celtic influence. genetic influence from Balkans in Sardinia is due to the long dominion of Byzantine Empire from 534, soldiers came mainly from balkans and settle there .. Skoti=Scotia=Meritaten, elongated-skulled Mittani (formerly serpent priests of Mithan) nobility, daughter of Pharaoh Akhenaten and his wife Nefertiti. The major problem is that we only have sketchy written records of their attacks on the established cultures of Egypt and the Near East, and these give only a vague idea of where they came from. 1 - Tetractys, The 12 labors of Hercules - a journey through constellations, On some connections between ancient Slavs and India, The great riddle of a seven-headed figure, The untold stories of the Merovingian dynasty, The marvelous odyssey of Votan, a bronze age seafarer, Origins of the "sea peoples" - The Sherden, the Shekelesh, the Peleset, Universe according to Pythagoras – pt. But the fact is that nobody knows where the Sherden came from. It seems that their language was Indo-European, while their pottery style shows the Mediterranean influence. Other shoe? However, the Teresh may also have been the people later known to the Greeks as the Tyrsenoi, i.e., the Etruscans, and already familiar to the Hittites as the Taruisa, which latter is suspiciously similar to the Greek Troia. Besides, ”Minoan” civilization didn’t collapse because of ”sea people”. I wrote that Serbs relate to Leo. A coincidence? Archaeologists have put some pieces of the puzzle together, but there are still some big gaps in our knowledge of them which will never be filled. It has been suggested that the Philistines formed part of the great naval confederacy, the "Sea Peoples", who had wandered, at the beginning of the 12th century BCE, from their homeland in southern Greece and the Aegean islands to the shores of the Mediterranean and repeatedly attacked Egypt during the later Nineteenth Dynasty. Were they offsprings of the nomadic herdsmen and local women of Illyria? Alternatively, they could have already mastered these techniques on the shores of the Black Sea. Here is a brief overview of the sequence of events. What a fantastic posting. Check out the Beyond Science Magazine:http://www.beyondscience.net/magazineGet tickets to the best show on earth!!! Some scholars consider the Sicels as Illyrians, who imposed themselves on the local, Pre-Indo-European population of Sicily. by James Henry Breasted (2001). The identity of the Sea Peoples has remained enigmatic to modern scholars, who have only the scattered records of ancient civilizations and archaeological analysis to inform them. Evidence shows that the identities and motives of these peoples were not unknown to the Egyptians. In the records of that war, five Sea Peoples are named: the Shardana, Teresh, Lukka, Shekelesh and Ekwesh, and are collectively referred to as "northerners coming from all lands". The city of Skodra still preserves the memory of this name and this was probably the very area in which Sarditoae dwelled. Egyptian depictions show them with typical horned helmets, spears and bronze age swords. SEA PEOPLES ARE one of the populations of the ancient world who vigorously shaped the cultural landscapes in the eastern Mediterranean and adjacent lands. However, both can be true, especially if we know that the “sea peoples” were one of the main reasons for the collapse of the Mycenaean civilization. I leave it to the linguists. : “All at once the lands were removed and scattered in the fray.” There is almost a consensus that the names of Sardinia and Sicily islands came from the Sea Peoples. One of the more common theories is that the Philistines were originally from the Aegean Sea region, with many more people claiming that the Philistines were Mycenaean Greeks. I think Anartophraktoi are Sieradzanie, and Anarta means in greek the same as Anahata in sanskrit. In the next article, we will shed even more light on this subject by analyzing the remaining tribes of “sea peoples”. The Denyen probably originally came from northern Syria (perhaps where the Shardana had once lived), and the Tjeker from the Troad (i.e., the area around Troy) (possibly via Cyprus). Finally, of course, the Peleset eventually became the Philistines and gave their name to Palestine, but they too probably originated somewhere in Anatolia. Image source .. The Sherden is a tribe mentioned in the Egyptian texts more than any other. (Page of tag Sea Peoples) The following texts are adapted from the translation . But even in the Illyrian lands, there was a city named Palaesti, modern Palasë, Albania. As for Pelasgians, I do not agree, as there are many ancient authors who mention them. The image of Viking raiders and their terror survived in the minds of Western civilization for centuries. Some scholars believe that this migration took place around the early 1st millennium BC. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. And figure.6. Intellectual property, all rights reserved, Sorry, you cannot copy content of this page. For the sake of brevity, in this article, we will focus only on three tribes, and their possible origins. Why Were the Ancient Greeks Called Hellenes? An exceptionally tall Scythian could have easily been considered a giant. So far we have seen three places where the Sherden and the Shekelesh may have been present. But the coast of the Adriatic is not the only place that we can relate to the Sherden tribe. Evidence shows that the identities and motives of these peoples were not unknown to the Egyptians. Little is known about the Weshesh, though even here there is a tenuous link to Troy. The original name was Skoloti, after their king. The world-stage appearance of these sea raiders matches closely the waves of migrations that reached Europe and Balkans from the east. Crete was their home sea port base for this sea-oriented people who were likely traders and raiders (pirates). The name “Shekelesh” could relate to Sicily, or more precisely, to the iron age tribe of Sicels (Latin: Siculi; Ancient Greek: Σικελοί Sikeloi). This volume presents the results of the 1995 international seminar on the history and archaeology of the Sea Peoples. Ancient Origins articles related to Sea Peoples in the sections of history, archaeology, human origins, unexplained, artifacts, ancient places and myths and legends. The identity of the Sea Peoples has remained enigmatic to modern scholars, who have only the scattered records of ancient civilizations and archaeological analysis to inform them. The Late Bronze Age in the Aegean was characterized by the raiding of migratory peoples and their subsequent resettlement. The Ekwesh have been identified with the Ahhiyawa of Hittite records, who were almost certainly Achaean Greeks colonizing the western coast of Anatolia, as well as the Aegean Islands, etc. And it is precisely in Sarmatia that may find clues to Sherden origins. The Scordisci get the credit of founding Belgrade, or “white city”, the capital of Serbia. It is an interesting point for further investigation. Sea Peoples were active from EGYPT to GREECE and as far as Sardinia and Corsica, and they reached the apex of their activity around 1200 B.C.E. In summary then, five of the nine named "Sea Peoples" - the Teresh, Lukka, Tjeker, Weshesh, and Peleset - can plausibly be linked to Anatolia (albeit somewhat inconclusively), with the Tjeker, Teresh, and Weshesh being possibly linked to the vicinity of Troy itself, though nothing can be proven and there's still much controversy about the exact locations of ancient states in that region, let alone the ethnic identity of the inhabitants. We now know only a few Philistine words, one of which is the name of Goliath, the giant. The Sea Peoples is the term used for a confederacy of seafaring raiders of the second millennium BC who sailed into the eastern Mediterranean, caused political unrest, and attempted to enter or control Egyptian territory during the late 19th dynasty and especially during Year 8 of Ramesses III of the 20th Dynasty. 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