Sanji, 21, from the Gambia, who works as a day laborer on farms, said he found someone willing to sponsor him as a domestic worker after his employers in the agricultural sector refused. Then, on July 7, the ministry said that asylum seekers could apply for the jobseeker permit but would have to withdraw their asylum claim if offered the permit. The Tunisian Forum of Economic and Social Rights said that the number of illegal Tunisian migrants reaching Italy in 2019 was 2,654 in 2019, and 5,200 in 2018. Those who agreed to pay saw it as a way out of the informal settlements and a chance to lead a dignified life. Undocumented and informal work is prevalent in the agricultural sector. A few workers told Human Rights Watch that their employers also asked for exorbitant amounts of money in exchange for sponsorship, while all the workers who successfully applied said they had to pay the €500 ($608) application fee themselves. The Covid-19 pandemic gave new urgency to calls for regularization programs, as a way both to minimize vulnerability to rights violations and to protect public health. ROME -- Italy allowed a Spanish-flagged charity ship with 265 rescued migrants aboard to anchor off Sicily on Monday. For example, a July 2020 circular clarified that part-time work in either sector was sufficient to apply. Between January 2019 and mid-May 2020, more than 91,000 asylum claims were rejected; the overall rejection rate at first instance was 80 percent. One sociologist added that if the migrants had permits it would be harder for mafias involved in farming to pay them slave wages in the fields. We are no longer accepting comments on this article. In 2019, the authorities issued only 29 special residency permits under Italian law for undocumented workers who reported exploitative practices and cooperated with criminal proceedings. Tatiana Esposito, head of the Labor Ministry’s immigration and integration department, acknowledged the limited reach of the program and said the agency worked with other parts of the government to broaden the number of beneficiaries in the implementing circulars. A representative of Caritas, an aid organization connected to the Catholic Church, said at least 10 workers in the Foggia area told her a caporale had offered to find an employer willing to sponsor them for a €3,000 ($3,649) fee. It took weeks of political disagreement but Italy’s governing coalition has finally announced they are approving changes to employment rights for migrant workers in the country. Up to 560,000 migrants live without papers in Italy, but only those working as … For more information about the program and the findings, please see below. It is too early to know how many applications will prove successful. By Jami Ganz. Bernard, 27, from Ivory Coast, said he would have liked to apply because he fears he will be denied asylum and he is worried about losing his legal status definitively. CATANIA, Italy — Rome is facing pressure to abolish its offshore quarantine system for migrants and refugees following a series of alarming incidents, … A third asylum seeker said he withdrew his claim to apply under the jobseeker pathway. AAP December 18, 2012 11:43am. News Corp is a network of leading companies in the worlds of diversified media, news, education, and information services. An Ethiopian migrant who became a symbol of integration in Italy, her adopted home, has been killed on her farm where she raised goats for her cheese business, police said on Wednesday. Agricultural workers often do not know their employers due to the illegal caporalato system of intermediaries. In a letter released on January 12, several non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have asked Italian Interior Minister Luciana Lamorgese to immediately grant permission to church charities to carry out five migrant evacuation flights from Libya to Italy. Undocumented migrants in Italy are particularly vulnerable to violations of their fundamental rights. Join our movement today. People interviewed described working up to 10 hours a day for as little as €3 ($3.65) per hour. The comments below have been moderated in advance. All amendments were rejected. A local union official said that with permits they can rent somewhere and escape the shanty towns. Since then, one employer has reportedly changed his mind and will not keep the appointment with the police to formalize the employment contract. Salvini, head of the far-right political party known as the League, is suspected of sequestration and abuse of power for having refused to allow about 100 migrants to land in Italy … 3 Min Read. The views expressed in the contents above are those of our users and do not necessarily reflect the views of MailOnline. Lawyers, labor union representatives, and nongovernmental workers in various parts of the country said that people had been asked for exorbitant sums of money in exchange for invented labor contracts. They face exploitation at work, obstacles to health care, and difficulties finding affordable and decent housing, among other problems. News feature; 17 November 2020 ; Europe’s chain of migrant expulsion, from Italy to Bosnia ‘They pushed back Afghans, Syrians, people from Iraq, people in clear need of protection.’ Ylenia Gostoli. And doing it for real, because expulsion orders are not enough: those who dont have the right to stay must return to their home countries. Unique 'super-puff' planet discovered 212 light years away from Earth is as big as Jupiter but 10 TIMES lighter, The measure could be inserted into a temporary government decree with immediate effect but will be voted on in parliament after 60 days, according to. Ms Bellanova threatened to resign if the measure was blocked. “Italy was rightly praised for providing undocumented migrants a pathway to residency amid the pandemic,” said Judith Sunderland, associate Europe and Central Asia division director at Human Rights Watch. The permits - which won't give migrants the right to vote - will be valid for six months and will be renewable. Help us continue to fight human rights abuses. The 100,000 clandestine carers form part of the total number of 650,000 illegal migrants in Italy. Asylum Seekers, COVID-19, European Union, Global Poverty, Italy, Migration, North Africa, Tunisia The Future of the Migrant Crisis in Italy The migrant crisis in Italy is prevalent; Italy receives more asylum seekers per year than any other European country. “I have light and water now at least,” he said. 20 African migrants heading for Italy found dead in the Mediterranean Sea. Sixteen migrants, including three children, were hospitalized. Bride gets more than she bargained after hundreds blast her for one glaring detail. ROME (AP) — Italy and France are considering deploying sea or air craft to alert Tunisia to the departure of clandestine boats ferrying migrants north to Italian shores, like the young Tunisian man who is the chief suspect in a fatal knife attack at a French church last week, the Italian interior minister said Friday. They face exploitation at work, obstacles to … … I even suggested that if he would sponsor me for the permit, he could deduct what he wanted from my pay, but instead, he fired me. By Reuters Staff. The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, a non-binding statement of principles Italy refused to sign when adopted in 2018, encourages states to “develop accessible and expedient procedures that facilitate transitions from one status to another … as well as to facilitate access for migrants in an irregular status to an individual assessment that may lead to regular status … with clear and transparent criteria … as an option to reduce vulnerabilities.” An explicit call for “regularization options” in an initial draft of the Compact was deleted. “Being a person outside your own country and undocumented is like being an animal alone in the forest and when the lion sees you, he takes you and eats you,” a 35-year-old undocumented man from Ivory Coast told Human Rights Watch. Mara Di Lullo, deputy head of the Interior Ministry’s immigration department, said there was little the authorities could do: We don’t have any means to control who pays. New York Daily News | Dec 24, 2020 at 11:07 AM . According to figures released by the Italian Interior Ministry, out of 35,000 migrants who arrived in Italy illegally by sea in 2020, 40 percent were Tunisian. These were features also of the 2009 and 2012 regularization programs. Number of Tunisian migrants landing in Italy rose fivefold in 2020 Reuters 15:36 12-Jan-21 Migrants: Serbia, five taxi drivers arrested ANSAMED.info 15:26 12-Jan-21 Health checks for refugees at Bosnia camp after days in cold The Canary 15:10 12-Jan-21 Caritas Foggia said they were able to convince four out of eight employers they approached to sponsor a total of six agricultural workers. UK illegal immigration news with EU migrant crisis updates, Syrian refugee pictures and updates, plus stories from Germany and on Trump's immigration ban. Despite evidence over the years that regularization programs in Europe have proven to be an effective policy tool with positive long-term benefits – though no substitute for holistic migration and asylum policies that provide safe and legal channels – they remain controversial in the European Union. Ibra, a 35-year-old from Senegal, was ineligible by just ten days: his humanitarian leave to remain expired on October 21. Emmanuel, 35, from Ivory Coast, who has lived in Italy for four years, said: Being a person outside your own country and undocumented is like being an animal alone in the forest and when the lion sees you, he takes you and eats you …. Burak, from Sierra Leone, said, “I asked all my old bosses who had said they wanted to help me in the past. The program was adopted in May 2020 to “guarantee adequate protection of individual and collective health” and “facilitate the emergence of irregular employment relationships” – to bring informal and undocumented work out of the shadows. Fewer than 13,000 people applied for the innovative jobseeker permit due to the seemingly arbitrary cut-off date and other restrictive requirements. Human Rights Watch was unable to determine the logic or justification for the October 31, 2019 cut-off date. The other was a jobseeker permit available to people who became undocumented on or after October 31, 2019 and could prove that they were previously employed in agriculture or home care. The abolition in 2018 of the residency permit for humanitarian reasons (permesso umanitario) increased the ranks of the undocumented. Pictured: migrants from Nigeria near Naples. Vito Crimi, the interim head of Five Star, said he opposed the plan and instead wanted to give Italians receiving unemployment benefits the chance to earn money by picking crops. It proved especially unsuited to the agricultural sector. From August through October 2020, Human Rights Watch interviewed people remotely and in-person in Milan, Rome, and Foggia, including 18 male migrant workers in the agricultural and home care sectors; 19 lawyers, trade unionists, and representatives of associations providing assistance to undocumented migrants; and an agricultural sector employer. An Ethiopian migrant who became a symbol of integration in Italy by building a thriving cheese business in the Alpine countryside has been killed on her farm, police said.. A … “Without papers, you cannot rent a house here. Farm work has low pay, long hours, and difficult working conditions. He had been unable to renew it because of the 2018 abolition of the humanitarian permit. Port officials in Porto Empedocle, Sicily, said rough seas Monday evening were for the time being […] Four pregnant women among 20 migrants who died trying to reach Italy on overcrowded boat. Because one of the key objectives was to address undeclared work in these sectors regardless of status, Italian and EU citizens were also eligible for this pathway. Restrictive Scope Human Rights Watch spoke with five workers who were able to approach their employers and were refused sponsorship. The Tunisian Forum of Economic and Social Rights said that the number of illegal Tunisian migrants reaching Italy in 2019 was 2,654 in 2019, and 5,200 in 2018. By Jami Ganz. A group of people smugglers recently tricked 84 migrants in Turkey who were hoping to reach Italy. His employer also demanded €3,000. While Human Rights Watch did not interview anyone who said they had paid for a fictitious contract, two people said they had “hired” someone as a domestic worker to allow them to regularize their status, without charging them. The Open Arms vessel had brought the migrants safely aboard in separate rescues last week in the central Mediterranean. Between 2014 and 2018, around 60,000 of them arrived in Italy by sea, 90 per cent of whom were between the ages of 15 and 17, according to a new report issued by the UN Children’s Fund … Eligible workers in the agricultural sector faced significant obstacles. (ABC South East SA: Bec Whetham)The 92-year-old left a wife and son in Castignano in 1956 to make a future for his family. When interviewed, he had already received a six-month permit in July. The latest breaking news, comment and features from The Independent. In addition to the circulars, the Interior Ministry published clarifications on a dedicated webpage. An estimated 690,000 undocumented migrants live in Italy. Number of migrants landing in Italy more than doubles in past year. ROME: Italy has authorised a boat operated by the Spanish NGO Open Arms to disembark 265 migrants, including 63 minors, in Porto Empedocle, on the southern Sicilian coast. Italy has seen a surge in migrant arrivals in recent weeks, with as many as 11,000 arriving last week, half of them coming from Tunisia. It is already clear, however, that many undocumented workers were unable to apply because there were excluded a priori by the narrow scope of the program or because of lack of clarity about eligibility and the limitations of the employer sponsorship approach. … No one wants to stay [in the settlement] but it is better than the streets.” The government issued six circulars to clarify or specify requirements, costs, and procedural questions – two of them in September and November, well after the deadline to apply. In April, the UN special rapporteurs on the rights of migrants and on trafficking in persons urged states to “take steps towards the regularization of undocumented migrants whenever necessary, in view of facilitating their access to health services during the fight against the pandemic.” In June, the UN secretary-general issued guidelines on Covid-19 and people on the move, calling on governments around the world to explore “various models of regularization pathways” in the spirit of an inclusive public health approach and in recognition of the “important contribution made by people on the move to our societies during this crisis.”  News Italy seizes migrant rescue boat Mare Jonio. Key Concerns Asylum seekers, many of whom face the prospect of becoming undocumented if their claims are turned down, given Italy’s high rejection rate, were barred from applying under this pathway. All names of workers have been changed to protect their privacy. Unregistered migrants have worked in fields across the country to protect food supplies, all whilst risking being arrested if caught by police. Salvini, head of the far-right political party known as the League, is suspected of sequestration and abuse of power for having refused to allow about 100 migrants to land in Italy in August 2019. Aboubakar Soumahoro, head of a workers organization called Lega Braccianti, said the reason there were few applications from farmworkers is “the power given exclusively to the employer, who decides life and death for fieldhands.” In this case, the length of the residency permit is determined by the length of the employment contract but can be converted into another type of permit, including based on work in a different sector. ... Charity rescue ship with 265 migrants anchors off Italy. The government should conduct an independent, thorough, and transparent evaluation of the 2020 program, including input from civil society organizations, with a focus on its impact on the human rights of undocumented workers and their access to the regularization program. In particular, the eligibility of asylum seekers, many of whom face the prospect of becoming undocumented due to Italy’s high rejection rate, was unclear and required clarification in three separate circulars. © Alfonso Di Vincenzo/KONTROLAB/LightRocket via Getty Images, Italy: Revoke Abusive Anti-Asylum Decrees, Italy: Strengthen Immigration Law Protections, Finally, Good News for Asylum Seekers in Italy, “Without Education They Lose Their Future”, Trump Administration Again Weakens LGBT Protections, Israel: Provide Vaccines to Occupied Palestinians, Indonesian Officers’ Racist Slurs Trigger Riots in Papua, Sri Lanka: Covid-19 Forced Cremation of Muslims Discriminatory, International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, International Centre for Migration Policy Development, UN special rapporteurs on the rights of migrants and on trafficking in persons urged states, guidelines on Covid-19 and people on the move, ISPI, a leading Italian think tank, estimates, authorities issued only 29 special residency permits, Italian Ministry of Agriculture estimates, United Nations special rapporteur on contemporary forms of slavery concluded, construction, logistics, and the hospitality industry, International Organization for Migration described. A NEW report from Amnesty International is alleging widespread exploitation of foreign migrant workers in Italy. In mid-November, the Interior Ministry issued another circular stipulating that the authorities will assess case-by-case, apparently with broad discretion, whether to give an applicant a permit to seek employment if the employer formally rescinds the offer or simply fails to follow through. Intermediaries, or caporali, who are in many cases connected to organized crime, act as a link between workers and farm owners. A study published in 2009 by the International Centre for Migration Policy Development of regularization practices in all EU member states concluded that these initiatives had an overall positive impact, with only limited evidence they might create a “pull effect,” and could be understood as responding to broad objectives of EU migration policy. The official data does not provide a gender breakdown. 'It's madness, we will try to stop it by any means, inside and outside parliament,' he said. I could get a driver’s license, I would try to get a job as a mechanic, doing what I know how to do.” African migrants injured in Italian drive-by attack days after Nigerian accused of murder . The Global Migration Group, an inter-agency group of the United Nations, has called regularization “a key means of stopping exploitation of migrants in irregular situations.” Undocumented Migrants: Harsh Living, Working Conditions If that is not possible, the worker “will have the right to request” a permit to remain for the purposes of seeking employment. A Ghanaian employee on her farm in the northern Italian region of Trentino has admitted to killing Agitu Ideo Gudeta, 42, with a hammer and raping her, Italian news agency Ansa reported. ISPI, a leading Italian think tank, estimates that the number of undocumented migrants in Italy increased by over 37,400 people by July 2020 as a result of eliminating that permit. Human traffickers increasingly use the Tunisian Mediterranean towns of Sfax, Zarzis and Mahdia as launch pads for migrants … Legal and Policy Framework While many of the ministerial circulars and informational bulletins introduced improvements, the lack of clarity from the beginning may have limited the number of people who applied. Antonio Calanni/AP "Social distancing is a privilege here," Soumahoro says in the film. Many agricultural workers do not know who their employers are. I work in a carwash now … why can’t I [benefit from] regularization?” Gaps in the law generated confusion and may have prevented many from applying. Reclusive adopted children from his abusive marriage to Ronnie Spector and his writer daughter are in line for share of 'one of the world's most valuable song catalogues', The gun-mad pop genius who died a killer in jail: He was the iconic producer behind the Wall of Sound and some of the greatest hits ever. Only 15 percent of applications under the employer sponsorship pathway came from this sector, a reflection of the limits of making access dependent on the will of employers. The Pope also seemed to back the message yesterday when he condemned the 'harsh exploitation' of migrant farm workers in Italy. The Open Arms vessel had brought the migrants safely aboard in separate rescues last week in the central Mediterranean. Unregistered migrants have worked in fields across the country to protect food supplies, all whilst risking being arrested if caught by police. Depending on demand, workers can toil on different farms every day of the week. Following her October 2018 visit, the United Nations special rapporteur on contemporary forms of slavery concluded that many agricultural workers were subjected to “labour exploitation resulting in slavery,” due to hazardous work, coercion, and underpayment. The 1990 International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, a core human rights treaty, requires states parties to take appropriate measures to ensure that situations of irregular stay “do not persist,” and foresees the possibility of regularization. The workers paid the application fee themselves. (Milan) – An Italian program to provide undocumented migrants with a pathway to residency adopted amid the Covid-19 pandemic did not live up to its promise, Human Rights Watch said today. “When done right, regularization programs can address situations of vulnerability and exploitation, and help lay the foundation for more comprehensive, forward-looking migration policies.” A rescue boat carrying nearly 50 migrants has docked at the Italian island of Lampedusa. An immigrant worker picks clementines in Corgiliano-Rossano, Calabria, southern Italy, December 12, 2020. They are unlikely to report labor exploitation due to fear of arrest, detention, and deportation. In some cases, employers demanded much more money. In this … Woman starts Twitter debate after questioning whether it's 'normal' to shower with your back to the water rather than facing it - so, how do YOU wash? Italy will give 600,000 illegal migrants the right to stay in the country after the government said they proved essential by caring for the elderly and picking crops during the coronavirus crisis. Twice-weekly charter flights of up to 80 people who Italian authorities describe as illegal economic migrants resumed this week from Italy to Tunisia. Undocumented migrants in Italy are particularly vulnerable to violations of their fundamental rights. Updated . The Government seems to have just one fundamental priority: sending home as many illegals as possible. During the first five days of January 2021, 265 migrants arrived by sea in Italy. First and foremost, the narrow scope of the program denied access to hundreds of thousands of people. ROME (Reuters) - An Ethiopian migrant who became a symbol of integration in Italy, her adopted home, has been killed on her farm where she raised … Italy has started recovering the bodies of migrants from a small fishing boat that sank with more than 800 people over a year ago, a spokesman said on Monday. Applications for both pathways were accepted between June 1 and August 15, 2020. The Italian Ministry of Agriculture estimates that 150,000 undocumented migrants are working as day laborers. The International Organization for Migration described what it called “generalized fraud” in an agricultural area in southern Italy during the 2009 regularization. Only 2 out of 18 undocumented migrants interviewed applied via this pathway. TRIESTE, Italy Italian authorities are drawing criticism from legal advocacy groups for returning asylum seekers and migrants across Italy’s northeastern land border to Slovenia, triggering a series of often violent pushbacks through the Balkans and out of the European Union. Right-wing politicians say migrants threaten Italy by bringing Covid-19 with them, even as official data shows “minimal” effect from new arrivals. The second pathway, the jobseeker permit, was similarly restrictive. Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808. The authorities should ensure legal certainty and clarity in regularization instruments before they are put in operation as well as timely information campaigns. Caporali, many of them migrants themselves, reportedly also served as intermediaries for the regularization program. Undocumented workers in construction, hospitality, and logistics, for example, were unable to apply. World News. The number of Tunisian migrants landing on Italian shores soared fivefold to 13,000 in 2020, a rights group said on Tuesday, citing economic privations in Tunisia that fuel migration in boats across the Mediterranean. Please give now to support our work. First, an employer sponsorship scheme limited to the agricultural sector, including livestock and fisheries, and the home care sectors, including care in the home and domestic work, available to people already employed irregularly – or with someone willing to hire them in these sectors – and who could prove they were in Italy before March 8, 2020. They have to have the courage to report it. The sea rescue organization saved hundreds of migrants hailing from Eritrea and Libya from the Mediterranean. Only people who became undocumented on or after October 31, 2019 and could prove that they were previously employed in agriculture or home care, were eligible. But flaws in the program’s design and implementation resulted in a missed opportunity to address myriad vulnerabilities of undocumented migrants, including widespread exploitation in Italy’s agricultural sector. The report, At the crossroad: Unaccompanied and separated children in the transition to adulthood in Italy, highlights the ‘triple transition’ young refugees and migrants face when they turn 18 – from adolescence to adulthood, from living in one country to another, and through the emotional pain and trauma experienced when leaving home and during dangerous journeys. News; 14 May 2020 ; In the news: Italy to grant undocumented migrants work permits . In a normal year, hundreds of thousands of workers, the majority from Eastern Europe, come to Italy on formal, seasonal contracts. Right-wing politicians say migrants threaten Italy by bringing Covid-19 with them, even as official data shows “minimal” effect from new arrivals. An employer sponsorship option limited to the agricultural sector, including livestock and fisheries, and the home care sectors, including care for people in their home and domestic work. Overall, 220,000 people applied under the program, just under a third of the estimated 690,000 undocumented migrants in Italy. Many lost their jobs during lockdown and their permits are dependent on employment. They want her to immediately allow church charities to carry out five flights to evacuate vulnerable migrants from Libya to Italy. Italy's new coalition government, which took office last week, signalled a change of approach to migration after permitting 82 migrants to disembark on the … The others have not replied. ROME (AP) — Italy and France are considering deploying sea or air craft to alert Tunisia to the departure of clandestine boats ferrying migrants north to Italian shores, like the young Tunisian man who is the chief suspect in a fatal knife attack at a French church last … But Italian organizations providing services to migrants have documented logistical and bureaucratic obstacles people face in obtaining the temporary health card and finding healthcare services, including lack of information, inability to register due to the lack of a formal address, linguistic barriers, and mistrust in public authorities. Workers whose employers withdraw from the process or who are the victim of a scam should not be penalized, and their applications should be processed. Coldiretti Nazionale sent a written reply on November 12. The number of Tunisian migrants landing on Italian shores soared fivefold to 13,000 in 2020, a rights group said on Tuesday, citing economic privations in Tunisia that fuel migration in boats across the Mediterranean. The research focused on the agricultural sector because of the low number of applications. “Right now, I go to the pharmacy if I am sick.” VOA News Facebook 0; Twitter 0; E-mail; More. Ms Bellanova said that forcing migrants to hide could mean outbreaks of the disease go unchecked. 20 African migrants heading for Italy found dead in the Mediterranean Sea. In practice, the measure – the ninth ad hoc program of this type in Italy since 1982 – responded to a strategic economic interest in ensuring enough workers in essential labor sectors rather than a rights-based approach. Sunderland said us under EIN: 13-2875808 had brought the migrants safely aboard in separate rescues week. 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