Now, let’s use the full power of CSS3 to replace the default image by one of the specified replacement images if the min-device-width condition is matched: Impressive, isn’t it? For many sites, the steps below, which explain how to make a website responsive, can help you get started with the basics. It’s super simple and it works for most responsive websites. #secondary also have a 100% width, and will be displayed below #primary. I'll also be making posts about how to learn web design and sell to small businesses and build a freelancing business like me to help freelancers make sales, make great products, how to do mobile first and responsive … You do not need to be an expert or anything like that, but some knowledge is necessary, otherwise this tutorialwill be incomprehensible to you. If you are planning a mobile responsive site (or converting your existing site to be responsive) it will be tempting to do a quick Google for a few examples of good responsive websites, looking for guidance on how to deal with layout and navigation issues. This plugin features WPTouch themes and an “Infinity Cache,” which helps to load your website many times faster than your average responsive site. To get started, we need a website that would be our ‘guinea pig’ of sorts. Once of the first things that I do is add bootstrap to the site and make it mobile responsive. Breakpoints will help you make plans for all the frameworks of these devices. Learn how to develop responsive websites from scratch using HTML5, CSS3, JS, and more. Making an existing website responsive usually means taking a design that was built for large monitors and cramming it into a smaller screen. So for this tutorial, I decided to use to use the AirBnB website because – believe it or not – it’s not natively responsive (it redirects mobile devices to a dedicated mobile subdomain). Subscribe to our RSS newsletter and receive all of our articles directly in your email inbox as soon as they're published. The CSS code below will ensure that your images will never be bigger than their parent container. One website down… a couple gazillion more to go! We’ll also set a new minimum height for this navigation bar. How do I Make My WordPress Website Responsive? With Device Preview, you can quickly and consistently test your responsive site in the real-world. To do so, I use this awesome tool created by Matt Kersley. This is what is called responsive web design. We then create a link reference to this CSS file on the index.html page. Under the hood, we’re free to do whatever is necessary to make the site responsive. Step 1 Download the responsive CSS and JavaScript files from Bootstrap.com. Your site font size should be related to its parent container width, so it can adapt to the screen of the client and be easily readable on mobile devices. Responsive Web Design, sometimes just called RWD, is definitely one of the most important aspects of web design today. Responsive web design isn’t going to help you get awards for creativity. This video walks you through how I add bootstrap and what I changed on the site to clean up the styling and make it mobile responsive. After opening it I see that it is, so we can conclude that conclude that jQuery is indeed active on this page. So the basic M.O. For example, the
with class container-full-width has a min-width of 995px; we’re going to need to reset this property and force a fluid width instead. In short, we need to practice responsive web design. However, we’re going to need to have it centered. For this task, we’re going to be enabling some responsive enhancements for the ‘hero’ zone. You can, of course, check the result on your own mobile device. In this example, #primary is the main content area, and #secondary the sidebar. When it comes to web design, it’s way easier to focus on one task at a time. As most websites are using videos from third parties sites such as YouTube or Vimeo, I decided to focus on the elastic video technique by Nick La. This is pretty much how these two options work hand-in-hand. A responsive layout is the first step to a fully responsive website. The premise behind Restive.JS is simple: Go Responsive with Less Code and Less Hassle. Make Existing Website Responsive. In order to function properly, this code snippet has to be inserted into your CSS stylesheet. However, for this tutorial we are going to disable the “Sliding Background Image” feature. Note: If you’re not familiar with Chrome Developer Tools, there are a lot of resources that you can find only to help you. When you’re done with your non-responsive layout, the first thing to do is to paste the following lines within the and tags on your HTML page. In this article, I’ll show you how to easily build a responsive site and how to apply responsive design techniques on existing web pages in three easy steps. The first task is concerned with resetting any major fixed width elements so that nothing breaches the viewport width of a mobile device. Responsive web design is about creating web pages that look good on all devices! Any markup within it that is not immediately relevant will be truncated [it’s still there but I just won’t show it] and replaced with the HTML comment with caption ‘MARKUP TRUNCATED’ [I’ll also do the same for Javascript code with caption ‘CODE TRUNCATED’]. All you need to do is paste this chunk of code right at the bottom of your styles.css and the CSS fixes for each breakpoint. For now this file is blank, and we’ll add to it as we go. It’s now time to add some media queries. I would encourage you to try both out using first your desktop browser and then your mobile browser [via the emulator]. The Javascript code for enabling this sub-navigation bar functionality will go after our Restive.JS code. For example, CatsWhoCode.com default width is 1100px. #primary occupies 67% of its parent container, and #secondary 30%, plus a 3% left margin. Unfortunately, the images in the tiles were created from a sprite [not individual images via img tag], so the ol’ img{max-width: 100%;} trick isn’t going to work. so i like to know is there any easy way out like adding any css files or calling any js file which will make our web site responsive in design. If you want to learn to build responsive websites on a professional level, you can consider checking out Scrimba's responsive web design bootcamp, as it takes students from beginner to advanced through 15 hours of interactive tutorials. Today, a website must not look good only on a desktop screen, but also on tablets and smartphones. Make an existing website responsive by HTML, CSS code. Hence we will simply define breakpoints: ['10000'], and classes: ['nb'], to create a range from 0 to 10,000 pixels that will match all devices. Breaking the existing site into smaller patterns . Being that I used the Mobile Emulator on Google Chrome DevTools the whole time, it was pretty easy to see how the updated AirBnB website looks in a simulated phone environment. By having a look at the code, you can see that I defined two sizes: The first have a maximum width of 1060px and is optimized for tablet landscape display. I then created a copy of the original index.html file, and named it index.orig.html; this is just so we can compare changes later if we need to. After all, that's hopefully the reason your site has been active all this time prior to your need to be responsive. This is one of the most popular plugins out there. So we create a file called restive.css; this file will go in the ‘css’ directory. A responsive layout is the first step to a fully responsive website. I currently have a separate mobile app but I would like to get rid of it and just have the responsive website. I’ll also indicate what Layout Zone we are looking at using another HTML comment on the first line of the code snippet. I felt it would be best to use a website that was pretty popular, but wasn’t natively responsive. looking for many suggestion and good write up. This usually results in ugly websites. Now that we have everything setup and almost ready to run, let’s decide on the responsive enhancements we would like to add to our website. In other words, media queries allow your website to look good on all kinds of displays, from smartphones to big screens. A mobile-friendly website is simply a desktop desi… Once you applied this code to your website, embedded videos are now responsive. While pixels are fine when your website has a fixed width, a responsive website should have a responsive font. Going through each one I see this file reference…. Alternatively, we like to create a responsive.css file so it is separate from the core CSS file (styles.css). This task is primarily concerned with the ‘Neighborhood Guides’ section. So now that we’re done, we can test it all out. All images are scaled without you having to do any sort of coding and it is mobile optimized for your audience. All the Responsive Enhancements we are going to make going forward will be done via inline CSS. Step 2 Open your Visual Studio then add your downloaded file into your project then add index.aspx page and call your necessary files with in the head tag from that downloaded folder. Right now, we’re using 5 because that’s all we need. Our first step in converting an existing site into a responsive design is to identify the patterns we think we will need to design. So we need to add some HTML markup i.e. As I already said, you’ll probably have to adapt this code a bit to fit the specific needs of your website. I made some annotations to the screenshot of the AirBnB website that you can access if you need to; it contains some strategy notes regarding how we’re going to make these responsive enhancements. This task deals with the content just before the footer zone i.e. where we have ‘Travel’, ‘Host’, and ‘Trust and Safety’ headings. Forums . This is a pretty straightforward collapse operation where we make the elements arrange themselves in a vertical fashion as opposed to horizontally. To make a theme 'responsive' requires general knowledge about what makes a theme responsive. turbo_classes is a special feature of Restive.js that adds classes [in addition to those defined in the classes option] to our tag when certain pre-defined conditions are met e.g. All we need to do now is load Restive.JS sans jQuery, and we’ll add the code & markup directly below the above jQuery script reference thus: You can grab Restive.JS via Github, and simply store it in the ‘js’ directory. And we didn’t need to make any HTML additions or updates here. Due to the small sizes of smartphones screens, I decided to give #primary a 100% width. our company has a web site which is not responsive in design. To do this I open the local index.html [that I saved previously] in my browser, and I ‘View Page Source’. Responsive web design workflows become significantly optimized because all responsive CSS markup is inline and more intuitively accessible, eliminating the divided attention challenges inherent with using media queries. In general, a theme is classed as responsive if the format of the page can adapt according to the viewing window it has been given. Then we simply use turbo_classes to apply specific classes pertinent to our aspirations. How does it look on your own smartphone? This technique allows you to make embedded videos responsive. Also, we have to change the existing viewport meta tag from what it currently is now [‘‘] to a mobile-friendly one. You may also want to use your actual smartphone if you can, or at the very least BrowserStack if you’ve got it. This task is saddled with the responsibility of tweaking the main search bar. In the above code & markup, we have defined 3 options, ‘breakpoints’, ‘classes’, and ‘turbo_classes’ and I’ll just briefly explain what they do. The last step of this tutorial is definitely important, but it is often neglected by developers when it comes to responsive websites: Typography. However, the code below is a good starting point for most websites. When I build responsive websites, I always start by creating a non-responsive layout, fixed at the default size. There are technically five different ways you can do a mobile website. Incidentally, if you are here because you thought this article is about designing a website from scratch, pleaseread How to Create a Websiteinstead. A good way of achieving this is via a better and faster design workflow. When it comes to making an already existing site responsive, content comes first. A major benefit of using Restive.JS is that it lets you define all your responsive CSS markup inline, unlike media queries which splits your responsive markup into distinct ‘markup realms’ that you have to manage separately. A Quick Tutorial on How to Make Your Static Website Responsive. To make a site responsive, do you only need to work on CSS file? Now this task is a real doozy. The fifth task is concerned with re-aligning the AirBnB logo. It is meant to serve as a guide for how to retrofit existing websites to make them responsive, and is nothing more than that. We can make this responsive, but just to simplify things we’ll skip that so we don’t make this exercise any longer. Also make sure to check out this responsive web design techniques guide. This is the final task – Phew! Design different layouts for different devices. Within the Developer Tools interface it’s very easy to see all the code, but copying and pasting all the HTML here will be overkill. So replace the existing viewport meta tag to what you have below: And before we get started, let’s agree on a few conventions. We do need to find out if the AirBnB home page uses jQuery; I suspect it does, but just for the sake of argument let’s make double sure. So how exactly are we going to make them all responsive? Because the markup is long, I’ll show snippets of markup [or code] like below: I’ll only depict the operative element. First is a mobile-friendly but not mobile-designed website.This is any website that keeps mobile in mind but does not cater to mobile devices. Next, I created three new folders called ‘js’, ‘css’, ‘img’; affectionately referred to by me as The Three Amigos, although they are nowhere near as entertaining. To make your site responsive, you have to create a unique design for each device that is currently popular among users or your target audience. 1. By using media queries, presentations can be tailored to a specific range of output devices without changing the content itself. div#nav-left and div#nav-right that will hold the navigational system for mobile; this needs to be hidden on devices that are non-mobile. were absent. Hi All, I need some changes to an existing real estate website which is around 3 years old and built through Wordpress. For this exercise I’ll be using Chrome exclusively for the development side of things. No offense against AirBnB, but I would have loved to see a responsive version of the original website, and then decide for myself if I wanted to download the app. They are all clearly itemized in the above annotations: One page has the layout zone breakdown, and the second page has the responsive enhancements for mobile devices. Step 2 Open your Visual Studio then add your downloaded file into your project then add a default.aspx page and call your necessary files within the head tag from that downloaded folder. We strive to make the experience better no matter what size screen someone is using. This dummy
element will be used to maintain the aspect ratio of the background image sprite. To get started, we need a website that would be our ‘guinea pig’ of sorts. A Web that is natively responsive will be a good thing for everyone, especially mobile users. – and it deals with the footer exclusively. The CSS3 specification includes a new unit named rems. Add responsive meta tags in your HTML document, Make images and embedded videos responsive, Ensure your typography will be easily readable on mobile devices. As rems are relative to the html element, don’t forget to reset html font size: Once done, you can define responsive font sizes as shown below: For more information about the rem unit, I recommend you this useful article. when the device is a mobile device, when the device is a tablet, etc. So we’ve taken a perfectly fine website that wasn’t natively responsive, and we’ve made it responsive in a number of steps that should be routine for most web designers. The final result is merely for testing purposes only and should never be used as a substitute for the original AirBnB website, which remains at www.airbnb.com. You can find the full code for this by looking at the final index.html file at the end of this tutorial. When I’m pleased with the non-responsive layout, I add media queries and slight changes to my CSS to create a responsive site. For example, CatsWhoCode.com default width is 1100px. our company web site link is www.bba-reman.com. However, it is possible with a little time and effort. If you were using a tablet instead, you’ll see mobi tablet portrait. It’s very important to have a clear focus beforehand on what needs to change on the website. I used Firefox to do mine. I would have loved it so much, that I’m going to create a responsive version of the AirBnB website. Some are better than others, and you can tell by the title of this post that I’m going to recommend one over the others, but until then, you might as well learn about all of the options. I created a static handmade blog page to share the code and explain how it works. The whole process took me about 4 to 5 hours from start to finish, and required a few innocuous HTML markup updates and a total 70 lines of additional CSS markup. Installing Restive.JS is a snap. Let’s consider two possible scenarios. Make an existing website responsive by HTML, CSS code. However, you can as well use any browser that has good developer tools, and then test using your preferred mobile emulation environment. However, with all those non-responsive websites out there, we have to find ways to quickly and gracefully retrofit them with responsive enhancements. A website is responsive if it is able to adapt to the screen of the client. 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