Some colonies became Commonwealth realms, retaining the British monarch as their own head of state. The United Kingdom Overseas Territories Association (UKOTA) also represents the interests of the territories in London. Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands and the Cayman Islands are the only British Overseas Territories with recognised National Olympic Committees (NOCs); the British Olympic Association is recognised as the appropriate NOC for athletes from the other territories, and thus athletes who hold a British passport are eligible to represent Great Britain at the Olympic Games. Collectively, the Territories encompass a population of about 250,000 people[31] and a land area of about 1,700,000 square kilometres (660,000 sq mi). Montserrat [1][2] They are remnants of the British Empire and do not form part of the United Kingdom itself. Sie liegen zum größten Teil außerhalb Europas und sind mit Ausnahme Gibraltars nicht Teil der Europäischen Union. This site uses cookies to store information on your computer. British Empire, a worldwide system of dependencies— colonies, protectorates, and other territories—that over a span of some three centuries was brought under the sovereignty of the crown of Great Britain and the administration of the British government. [87][88][89], In January 2016, the UK government announced the intention to create a marine protected area around Ascension Island. Gibraltar 9. Akrotiri and Dhekelia and Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha are the only British overseas territories without their own flag, though Saint Helena, Ascension Island and Tristan da Cunha have their own individual flags. Territories with military bases or responsibilities may also have "Overseas Service Police", members of the British or Commonwealth Armed Forces. Permanent residency for the approximately 7,000 civilians living in the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia is limited to citizens of the Republic of Cyprus[citation needed]. [35] The United Kingdom participates in the Antarctic Treaty System[36] and, as part of a mutual agreement, the British Antarctic Territory is recognised by four of the six other sovereign nations making claims to Antarctic territory. Instead, they are those parts of the former British Empire that have not acquired independence, or, unlike the Commonwealth realms, have voted to remain British territories. British Antarctic Territory 4. (Redirected from List of universities in British Overseas Territories) This is a list of universities in the United Kingdom (alphabetical by substantive name). Sep 3, 2015. The Gibraltar national football team was accepted into UEFA in 2013 in time for the 2016 European Championships. In 2002, the British Parliament passed the British Overseas Territories Act 2002. British Overseas Territories and List of British flags are connected through Flag of Gibraltar, Coat of arms of Gibraltar, Red Ensign and more.. The first, unofficial, colony was Newfoundland, where English fishermen routinely set up seasonal camps in the 16th century. The British Overseas Territories (BOTs), also known as United Kingdom Overseas Territories (UKOTs), are fourteen territories all with a constitutional and historical link with the United Kingdom. Bermuda and Bermudians have played important, sometimes pivotal, but generally underestimated or unacknowledged roles in the shaping of the English and British trans-Atlantic Empires. Pound sterling (widely circulated and accepted universally)[citation needed] Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. It’s most prominent feature is the Rock of Gibraltar which is a large rock which dominates the entrance to the Mediterranian Sea. Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, Capital: Plymouth (abandoned); Brades (center of government today). 1.1 The status of "British Dependent Territory" was created by the BNA 1981 and, by virtue of a connection with such a place, a person may be or become a BDTC under Part II of the 1981 Act. There are a total of 14 British overseas territories — 10 of which are included on the UN's list of non-self-governing territories. Most British Overseas Territories are self-governing but rely on the UK in crucial matters of foreign policy etc. Traditionally, the flags follow the Blue Ensign design, with the Union Flag in the canton, and the territory's coat of arms in the fly. For other uses, see Bots (disambiguation).. British Overseas Territories. It has a long history of worldwide exploration and it is known for its historic colonies around the world. And if you insist on having the Isle of Man and the "Channel Islands", although they are NOT overseas territories, then you should show them as Guernsey and Jersey - they are separate from each other despite their geographical proximity. Falkland Islands pound (parity with pound sterling) A territory may issue belonger status to allow a person to reside in the territory that they have close links with. The Governor is also responsible for liaising with the UK Government, and carrying out any ceremonial duties. [45], Each overseas territory has its own legal system independent of the United Kingdom. BRITISH OVERSEAS TERRITORIES . [83], The UK created the largest continuous marine protected areas in the world, the Chagos Marine Protected Area, and announced in 2015 funding to establish a new, larger, reserve around the Pitcairn Islands. List of Commonwealth countries, British Overseas Territories, British Crown Dependencies and EU member states . Since they are separate jurisdictions, there is no British Overseas Territories' representation in the British parliament. Gibraltar was the only overseas territory that was part of the EU, although it was not part of the European Customs Union, the European Tax Policy, the European Statistics Zone or the Common Agriculture Policy. The Executive Council is usually called a cabinet and is led by a, Bermuda, settled in 1609, and self-governed since 1620, is the oldest of the Overseas Territories. United States dollar (accepted unofficially in most establishments)[citation needed], Gibraltar pound (parity with pound sterling) A Commissioner has the same powers as a Governor, but also acts as the head of government. The structure of the government appears to be closely correlated to the size and political development of the territory. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. Great Britain used to control a quarter of the world, but today, they control a single autonomous region and 14 Overseas Territories. Exceptionally, in the oversea territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, an Administrator is appointed to be the Governor's representative in each of the two distant parts of the territory, namely Ascension Island and Tristan da Cunha. BAT was formed on March 3, 1962, although the UK claimed it both in 1908 and 1917. 1 Part of the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha. Governed by the Crown as the Head of State, currently Queen Elizabeth II, representatives are appointed in each territory to exercise the monarch’s executive power. The governments in both London and territories occasionally meet to mitigate or resolve disagreements over the process of governance in the territories and levels of autonomy.[59]. This reclassified the UK's dependent territories as overseas territories and, with the exception of those people solely connected with the Sovereign Base Areas of Cyprus, restored full British citizenship to their inhabitants.[44]. Gibraltar was not a member of the European Union in its own right, having had its representation in the European Parliament through its Members from South West England. The governors of the territories may also allow naturalization of non-BOTCs as BOTCs. In territories without a permanent population, a Commissioner is usually appointed to represent the Queen. However, those changes only related to British citizenship, not other types of nationality covered by the 1981 Act, including British Overseas Territory citizenship. Ian Hendry and Susan Dickson, "British Overseas Territories Law" (London: Hart Publishing, 2011), Senior British representatives in the constituent protected states, Senior British representatives in the neighbouring Malayan protected states, Senior British representatives in neighbouring protected states, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 07:47. Gibraltar was a fortress which was never conquered while under British control. Area: 660,000 square miles (1,709,400 sq km), 3. It is geographically the largest of the 14 British Overseas Territories with an area of 660,000 square miles. The territories are members of the Commonwealth of Nations through the United Kingdom. Proctor, Wade-Fray and Cassar qualified for Team GB, with Williams missing the cut, however wishing to represent the UK in 2016.[80][81]. Missing several answers, such as Saba, St Eustatius, St Maarten, Aruba, Madeira, Azores, Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, … [55][56] Within the FCO, the general responsibility for the territories is handled by the Overseas Territories Directorate. Currently (2019) all but two Governors are either career diplomats or have worked in other Civil Service departments. 1 Antigua and Barbuda Lesotho Sierra Leone Australia Malawi Singapore The Bahamas Malaysia Solomon Islands Bangladesh Malta* South Africa Barbados Mauritius Sri Lanka Belize Mozambique Swaziland Botswana Namibia Tonga Brunei Nauru Trinidad … Level 45. The UK's mainland consists of the island of Great Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales) and Northern Ireland. The Southern part of BAT was named Queen Elizabeth Land in honor of the queen. Three are inhabited only by a transitory population of military or scientific personnel. The British Overseas Territories are also referred to as overseas territories of the United Kingdom, UK overseas territories, or when the context is clear, … Since they are separate jurisdictions, there is no British Overseas Territories’ representation in the British parliament. From the mid-nineteenth century to the early twentieth century, the larger settler colonies – in Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa – first became self-governing colonies and then achieved independence in all matters except foreign policy, defence and trade. Population: 35,000 Area: 6.7 km2 (2.6 mi2) Gibraltar is the second smallest British territory and the only one which is a part of continental Europe. British Antar… It has a long history of worldwide exploration and it is known for its historic colonies around the world. Most of the permanently inhabited territories are internally self-governing, with the UK retaining responsibility for defence and foreign relations. Some territories may have other forces beyond the main territorial police, for instance an airport police, such as Airport Security Police (Bermuda), or a defence police force, such as the Gibraltar Defence Police. They are the parts of the British Empire that have not been granted independence or have voted to remain British territories. Page 23", "TCI Regiment gets its first commanding officer", "South Asia :: British Indian Ocean Territory — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency", "British Indian Ocean Territory Currency", "Representing Britain...and Bermuda | Bermuda Olympics 2012", "Williams' Olympic hopes on hold for 4 more years", "At last! Several of the territories in the Americas maintain membership within the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States, the Caribbean Community, the Caribbean Development Bank, Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency, and the Association of Caribbean States. Geography of the Territories of the United States, Geography of the Windward and Leeward Islands, M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento. There is no native or permanent population; therefore there is no elected government. [33][34] The British Overseas Territories and Crown Dependencies are themselves distinct from the Commonwealth realms, a group of 16 independent countries (including the United Kingdom) each having Elizabeth II as their reigning monarch, and from the Commonwealth of Nations, a voluntary association of 53 countries mostly with historic links to the British Empire (which also includes all Commonwealth realms). The British Overseas Territories have more biodiversity than the entire UK mainland. Full British citizenship[64] has been granted to most 'belongers' of overseas territories (mainly since the British Overseas Territories Act 2002). Euro (accepted unofficially in most establishments)[citation needed], Saint Helenian pound (parity with pound sterling) Phillips Idowu tracked down... in Team GB photo – Olympic News", "About the Biodiversity of the UK Overseas Territories", "Science: UK Overseas Territories: Biodiversity", "Turks and Caicos Islands – UNESCO World Heritage Centre", "Island of St Helena – UNESCO World Heritage Centre", "World's Largest Single Marine Reserve Created in Pacific", "Pitcairn Islands get huge marine reserve", "Pitcairn Islands to get world's largest single marine reserve", "Ascension Island to become marine reserve", Outposts: Journeys to the Surviving Relics of the British Empire, Foreign and Commonwealth Office – UK Overseas Territories, British Overseas Territories Act 2002 – Text of the Act, Governors, civil commissioners, and administrators of British dependencies, Commissioner for the British Antarctic Territory, Commissioner for the British Indian Ocean Territory, Commissioner for South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Governor-General of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Governors of British South African colonies, Lieutenant-Governor of Demerara-Essequibo, Governor of Saint Christopher, Nevis and Anguilla, Governor-in-Chief of the Windward Islands, Governor-General of the West Indies Federation, Governor of Rhode-island and Providence Plantations, High Commissioner for the Federated Malay States, General Adviser to the Government of Johore, High Commissioners for Palestine and Transjordan, High Commissioner for the Western Pacific, Lieutenant Governor of the Swan River Colony, List of countries by English-speaking population, List of countries where English is an official language, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=British_Overseas_Territories&oldid=1000475700, Dependent territories of European countries, 1983 establishments in British Overseas Territories, Articles with dead external links from November 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles lacking reliable references from June 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from April 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2009, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from November 2020, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from November 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "A people of excellence, moulded by nature, nurtured by God". St. George's town, founded in Bermuda in that year, remains the oldest continuously inhabited British settlement in the New World (with some historians stating that – its formation predating the 1619 conversion of "James Fort" into "Jamestown" – St. George's was actually the first successful town the English established in the New World). The territory includes three regions which were administered independently as part of the Falkland Islands before 1962. "BOTs" redirects here. In smaller territories, the senior officer(s) may be recruited or seconded from a UK police force, and specialist staff and equipment may be sent to assist the local force. [65] In 1983, CUKC status of residents of overseas territories without the right of abode in the UK was replaced by British Dependent Territories citizenship (BDTC) in the newly minted British Nationality Act 1981, a status that does not come with it the right of abode in the UK or any overseas territory. The Sovereign Base Areas in Cyprus were never part of the European Union, but they are the only British overseas territory to use the euro as official currency. Prior to 1 January 1983, the territories were officially referred to as British Crown Colonies. [43] With 1997 approaching, the United Kingdom and China negotiated the Sino-British Joint Declaration, which led to the whole of Hong Kong becoming a "special administrative region" of China in 1997, subject to various conditions intended to guarantee the preservation of Hong Kong's capitalist economy and its way of life under British rule for at least 50 years after the handover. [67] This restored the right of abode in the UK to residents of overseas territories after a 34-year hiatus from 1968 to 2002. They all have the British monarch as head of state. Five nations contest, with counter-claims, the UK's sovereignty in the following overseas territories: None of the overseas territories has its own nationality status, and most residents hold two forms of British nationality: British Overseas Territories citizenship (BOTC) and British citizenship. The UK exerts its formal control through a governor of each territory, appointed by the British Monarch. Five years after the handover of Hong Kong to China in 1997, the British government amended the 1981 Act to give British citizenship without restrictions to all BDTCs (the status was also renamed BOTC at the same time) except for those solely connected with Akrotiri and Dhekelia (whose residents already held Cypriot citizenship). The Commander British Forces Cyprus acts as the territory's Administrator, with a Chief Officer responsible for day-to-day running of the civil government. The British Overseas Territories generally look after their own policing matters and have their own police forces. In addition, there are 14 overseas territories of Britain that are remnants of former British colonies. In the case of Hong Kong before 1 July 1997, residents could (in some circumstances) register as British nationals overseas (BNO). In addition, most territories have customs, immigration, border, and coastguard agencies. Spain has contested British control of Gibraltar since it was cede… The inhabited territories compete in their own right at the Commonwealth Games, and three of the territories (Bermuda, the Cayman Islands and the British Virgin Islands) sent teams to the 2016 Summer Olympics. The United Kingdom (UK) is an island nation located in Western Europe. [82] There are at least 180 endemic plant species in the overseas territories as opposed to only 12 on the UK mainland. 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