54. 29. 28. They shall assign the reasons of their decisions. Consequently in 1792, another constitution was drafted and it was approved by the people in 1793. The Constitution of 22 August 1795 (also known as the Constitution of the Year III, or the Constitution of 5 Fructidor) was a national constitution of France ratified by the National Convention on 22 August 1795 (5 Fructidor of the Year III under the French Revolutionary Calendar) during the French Revolution.It established the Directory, and remained in effect until … 1. The French nation declares that in any case it will not permit the return of the French who, having abandoned their fatherland since July 15, 1789, are not included in the exceptions contained in the laws against the émigrés; and it forbids the legislative body to create new exceptions upon this point. The executive council chooses, but not from its midst, the foreign agents of the republic. In the Thermidorian Reaction, it was discarded in favor of a more conservative document, the Constitution of 1795. 91. Gallimard. 113. 123. They shall conciliate and hold court without fees. On 2 June 1793 after an insurrection and the fall of the Girondins the National Convention chose Louis Saint-Just and several other deputies to serve on a committee that would draft a new governmental system for the recently established Republic. Walter, G. (1961) Le vaincu du neuf Thermidor, p. 51-52. The Constitution of 24 June 1793, also known as the Constitution of the Year I, or the The Montagnard Constitution (French: Constitution montagnarde), was the constitution instated by the Montagnards and by popular referendum under the First Republic during the French Revolution.Drafted by the Committee of Public Safety which was enlarged with the purpose of … This Constitution established a national government under the Directory. 74. It was held via universal male suffrage, with voting on different days in different departments, in some cases after the result was proclaimed in Paris on 9 August 1793.While most voters abstained, of those who voted, 99.41% majority approved.The events took place during the French revolution … The laws, decrees, sentences, and all public transactions are superscribed: In the name of the French people, in the—year of the French Republic. 111. By the particular name of decrees are understood those enactments of the legislative body, which concern: 56. Source: Appendix to Francis Lieber, On Civil Liberty and Self-Government, 3rd revised edition, ed. Constitution of 1793 (June) Republican constitution that was never implemented; sections lifted exactly from Robespierre's Declaration of Rights and does not include a king; allows freedom of religion and recognizes abominations of slavery; contradicts itself (i.e. 2. The right of exercising the rights of citizen is lost: 6. 59. However, the Constitution's radical provisions were never implemented. Provisions Preamble. The Constitution declared that France was a "friend and ally of free nations", would not interfere with the government of other free nations and would harbor any refugees from "nations ruled by tyrants". Durand-Maillane, Ducos, Meaulle, The legislative body establishes the number of these agents, and their business. The deputies can, at no time, be held answerable, accused or condemned on account of opinions uttered within the legislative body. In case of an equality of age, the casting of lots shall decide. II, part III. 9. (2) The French government was forced to increase taxes. 60. 100. The meeting is, in this case, called by the municipal authority of the usual place of assembly. Every deputy belongs to the whole nation. Of votes name of decrees are understood those enactments of the Parliament, if possible, to inform judicial... 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